I've been doing a lot of research lately for purposes of the new website and recovery book. According to the American Psychological Association (APA), there are 10 Personality Disorders. Mental health professionals group these personality disorders into one of three clusters based on similar characteristics.
Guess what they all have in common with one another? All Personality Disordered Invdividuals (PDIs) are:
They seek out relationships in order to use people to meet their own needs. Nothing more, but certainly nothing less.
For example, people with Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) use people in relationships in order to ensure their ego is always stroked. People with Antisocial Personality Disorder (APD) use people in relationships in order to obtain material things (i.e. money) from them.
Below is a brief summary of all 10 Personality Disorders according to the DSM-IV published by the APA:
Cluster A (odd or eccentric disorders)
1) Paranoid Personality Disorder: characterized by irrational suspicions and mistrust of others.
2) Schizoid Personality Disorder: lack of interest in social relationships, seeing no point in sharing time with others, anhedonia, introspection.
3) Schizotypal Personality Disorder: characterized by odd behavior or thinking.
Cluster B (dramatic, emotional or erratic disorders)
4) Antisocial Personality Disorder: a pervasive disregard for the law and the rights of others.
5) Borderline Personality Disorder: extreme "black and white" thinking, instability in relationships, self-image, identity and behavior.
6) Histrionic Personality Disorder: pervasive attention-seeking behavior including inappropriate sexual seductiveness and shallow or exaggerated emotions.
7) Narcissistic Personality Disorder: a pervasive pattern of grandiosity, need for admiration, and a lack of empathy.
Cluster C (anxious or fearful disorders)
8) Avoidant Personality Disorder: social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, extreme sensitivity to negative evaluation and avoidance of social interaction.
9) Dependent Personality Disorder: pervasive psychological dependence on other people.
10) Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder: characterized by rigid conformity to rules, moral codes and excessive orderliness (not the same as obsessive-compulsive disorder).